The Mindfulness Center

The Mindfulness Center Scientific Research Program

Researching the Evidence-Basis for Mindfulness and Other Mind-Body Practices

"The Mindfulness Center is the Future of Health Care"


CURRENT RESEARCH IN REVIEW

Chronic Pain in Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury:  Effects of iRest Yoga Nidra on Perceived Pain, Cortisol, Interleukin-6, and Brain White Matter Integrity. Nassif T, Norris D, Chapman J Blackman M, Reinhard, M, Soltes, K, Jasper B. Sandbrink F, Zhou J, Jecmen M, In Review.

A Comparative Analysis of Fast-acting Pain Management Interventions for Children. Stinely N, Hinds T, & Norris D, In Review.

A Correlational Analysis of Mental Health and Dietary Nutrition in College Age Students. Powers M & Norris D, In Review.

Mindfulness, Self-Control and Narcissism: Psychological Correlates of Mindfulness. In Progress, Rush C & Norris D. In Review. 

The Sierra Bender Empowerment Method® and its Effects on a Female Population, Rizacos E. & Norris D., In Review.

The Effect of Qigong and Acupuncture Therapy on Disturbed Sleep or Perceived Stress in United States Military Veterans. Eickhoff C. & Norris D. In Review.


CURRENT RESEARCH IN PROGRESS

The Sierra Bender Empowerment Method® and its Effects on Leadership and Motivation in a Female Population, Davis K. & Norris D.
The Sierra Bender Empowerment Method® was designed to address national concerns regarding women’s empowerment.  As part of Sierra Bender’s national tour of college and university campuses, the Sierra Bender Empowerment Method will be evaluated in order to determine its effectiveness. The program will be evaluated as it is conducted at Simmons College, Northeastern Illinois College, and Harvard University in 2012. Working together with Dr. Deborah Norris and Eleni Rizakos of American University, the program will be surveyed using two psychological questionnaires. Both of these scales have been validated in the psychological community.  By bringing the SBEM® on a national tour, this program can reach out women across the country. Given the following concerns, this evaluation procedure will determine the effectiveness of the SBEM in empowering women – The United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports 1200 deaths and 2 million injuries to women from intimate partner violence each year in the U.S.  On average, 3 women are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends each day in this country.  One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime.  Every 9 seconds in the U.S. a woman is assaulted or beaten.  With no woman’s life experience or background the same, the SBEM was created as a multi-modal approach to empower all women of all circumstances. It was designed to allow women to grow spiritually, mentally, physically, and emotionally and through this growth lead participants to mindful awareness and empowerment.  Under the direction of Dr. Norris and Ms. Rizakos of American University, psychological evaluation questionnaires were administered at the outset and completion of each program. These evaluation surveys were analyzed statistically. At the beginning of each SBEM program, participants were asked to complete a consent form, as well as demographics and the psychological questionnaires. Once participants complete the program, two psychological questionnaires will be administered.  A thorough statistical evaluation of the pre- and post-test scores will be conducted. Once the scoring is complete statistical results will be analyzed on the psychological questionnaires, and the demographics will be evaluated. These analyses will be the basis of the evaluation of the SBEM®. Preliminary studies conducted by Dr. Norris and Ms. Rizakos show the SBEM® does in fact produce significant changes in empowerment for women participating in Sierra Bender’s program.  Being able to bring this program to a broader audience with continued evaluation will support the use of this method to empower women across the nation. In the event of a positive outcome of this study, the research will be submitted for publication by authors Dr. Norris and Ms. Rizakos, to demonstrate the usefulness of the Sierra Bender Empowerment Method to empower women everywhere.

The Usefulness of Family-Oriented Electronic Guided Meditation as an Adjunct Treatment for Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Kimberly S. Fishbach & D. Norris 
This study is investigating the effects of at-home, family-oriented guided mindfulness meditation exercises on the reduction of symptoms in 8-18 year-old children with ADHD. This research will compare the reduction of ADHD symptoms of participants in a Control Group who receive medication only, to those in an Experimental Group consisting of both medicated participants and their families who receive the at-home guided meditation kit.  It will also assess the effects of the family oriented approach on family lifestyle, while examining how an at-home, family oriented meditation program may correlate with improvement of participants’ ADHD symptoms.  This study is being conducted in order to contribute to a larger research interest in investigating the most effective delivery system of guided mindfulness meditation, while providing further empirical evidence to help validate and standardize the various deliveries of mindfulness interventions for ADHD populations. 

The Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Pain in Newly Diagnosed Cancer Patients, Aurora Hutchinson & D. Norris
Newly diagnosed cancer patients will receive a standardized meditation protocols at the outset of cancer diagnosis.  This study will measure meditation’s effects on sleep/insomnia, quality of life, emotional trauma, pain (following surgical procedure and onset of chemotherapy) and survival rates.  Proposed length of study is 8 weeks, 6-month follow-up.

The Effects of Yoga Therapy on the Reduction of Anxiety, Paula Bellini & D. Norris.
This study will examine the effect of yoga on reducing symptoms of anxiety. This study will assess and compare the levels and diagnosis of the participant's anxiety at baseline and at the end of the treatment program. The treatment condition will consist of an 8-week, at-home yoga program, where participants will be able to practice yoga in the convenience of their own homes through use of a yoga video. The vision of the study is that the degree and levels of anxiety symptoms of the participants will significantly reduce as a result of the yoga treatment therapy.  The results will hopefully further support the established research on the psychological benefits of yoga and offer an alternative to managing and reducing anxiety.

Craving to Quit: Using Cravings to Overcome Addiction, Elizabeth Wallace & D. Norris
This study will evaluate the effects of meditation on the level of craving experienced by individuals who are addicted to narcotic substances.  Individuals will gain an understanding of what happens in the brain when a craving strikes and how the structure of the brain changes when cravings are not satiated.  The program will teach individuals how to use their cravings to overcome their addictions.  Measures of craving and drug use behaviors will be evaluated before and after an 8-week meditation intervention.


PUBLICATIONS

Norris DO, Sawyer J.  “A Review of the Clinical Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation”, Brain and Its Self Conference, Washington University, St. Louis MS, April, 2004.

Norris DO, Luckman D. “Exercise Prescription for Treatment of Depression”.  Personal Fitness Professional Magazine, January, 2004.

Norris, DO. “Clinical Exercise Prescription”.  American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Research Council Program and Proceedings, Southern and Eastern District Association, Baltimore MD, February, 2002.

Crofton KM, Sette WF, Norris DO  Summarizing the results of neurotoxicity testing: Database development and characteristics.  Abstract of 35th Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Anaheim, CA., 1996.

Norris DO, Mastropaolo J, O'Connor DA, Cohen JM, Deutsch SI.  A glycinergic intervention restores the stress-induced reduction in the antiseizure efficacy of MK-801 and Flurazepam.  Clinical Neuropharmacology, 19(2):161-165, 1994.

Mastropaolo J, Park CH, Norris DO, O'Connor DA, Lukacs LG, Deutsch SI.  Reduction of Flurazepam's antiseizure efficacy persists after stress, Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 42(4):681-684, 1992.  

Deutsch SI, Norris DO, O'Connor DA, Mastropaolo J.  Paradoxical effect of flurazepam.  Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 42(1):517-518, 1992.

Deutsch SI, Norris DO, O'Connor DA, Novitzki MR, Lukacs L, Mastropaolo J.  Effects of milacemide, a glycine prodrug, on ethanol's antiseizure efficacy.  Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 41(2):263-266,1992.

Olin CH, & Norris DO.  The art of conservation.  Collections, 1989.

Olin DA*, & Riley A.  Simple delayed discrimination: A behavioral baseline.  Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Symposium on Memory Dysfunctions: An integration of Animals and Human Research from Preclinical and Clinical Perspectives. (444) 471-474, 1985.

Dacanay R, Mastropaolo J, Olin DA*, & Riley A.  Sex differences in taste aversion learning: An analysis of the minimal effective dose.  Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 1984.

*     Olin DA is maiden name for Norris DO


Conference Presentations by Dr. Deborah Norris

Meditation as Therapy: The Therapeutic Role of Meditation in Counseling, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselors of Maryland's Fall Conference, October, 2013

Meditation as Therapy: The Role of Meditation in the Psychotherapeutic Process and CEU’s.  Baltimore Washington Institute for Psychoanalysis, Washington Case Conference, October 12, 2012.

Mechanism of Action and Clinical Application of Meditation and other Mind-Body Therapies., D.C. Psychological Association, Applications in Military Psychology and Mind/Body Approaches for Psychological Interventions. Washington, D.C., June 9, 2012.

Meditation as Therapy, D.C. Psychological Association, Applications in Military Psychology and Mind/Body Approaches for Psychological Interventions. Washington, D.C., June 9, 2012.

Meditation as Therapy, Adventist Hospital, Spirituality in Medicine Conference, November, 2011

Evolving from a Disease Model to a Health Model in Health Care.  Keynote Speaker, National Institutes of Health, Health and Wellness Symposium, September, 2010.

Nassif, T., Norris, DO. “Evaluating the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in U.S. Veterans Using the Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale (DVPRS)", American Academy of Pain Medicine, 30th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, March 6-9, 2014.

Norris, DO.  Chairperson and Keynote Speaker.  “Meditation as Therapy for Treatment of Chronic Diseases: Mechanism of Action and Clinical Outcomes”, Mind-Body Week Conference, Washington, D.C., April, 2013

Norris, DO.  Chairperson and Keynote Speaker, “Mind-Body Therapies: Historical and Future Perspectives”, Mind-Body Week Conference, Washington, D.C., October, 2011.

Pearson, M., Norris, DO, “Exploring the Relationship Between Depression, Stress, Mood and Diet in a College Age Population”, 32nd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral, Washington, DC, April 27, 2011.

Norris, DO.  “Exercise Prescription for Treatment of Chronic Illnesses”, ECA World Fitness Conference, NYC, March, 2002.

Norris, DO. “Clinical Exercise Prescription”.  American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Southern and Eastern District Association, Baltimore MD, February, 2002.

Norris DO, Chairperson and Keynote Speaker, Symposium on the Neurotoxicity of Chemical Mixtures.   U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency, Arlington, VA, April 27, 2000.

Crofton KM, Sette WF, Norris DO. “Summarizing the results of neurotoxicity testing: Database development and characteristics.”  35th Ann. Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Anaheim, CA, 1996.

Crofton KM, Sette WF, Norris DO. “Summarizing the results of neurotoxicity testing: Phase One - Database development and characteristics.”  Annual Meeting of the International Neurotoxicology Association, Port Ludlow, WA., June, 1995.

Norris DO, Mastropaolo J, O'Connor DA, Novitzki M, Deutsch SI.  "A glycinergic intervention reverses a stress-induced reduction in the antiseizure efficacy of MK-801".  Biological Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., 31:218A, 1992.

Mastropaolo J, Norris DO, O'Connor DA, Deutsch SI.  "Occupancy of the central benzodiazepine receptor binding site during stress alters the stress-induced reduction of flurazepam's antiseizure efficacy, Biological Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., 31:221A, 1992.

Deutsch SI, Mastropaolo J, O'Connor DA, Novitzki M, Norris DO.  "A glycinergic intervention reverses a stress-induced reduction in the antiseizure efficacy of MK-801".  CNS Neuronal Injury: Advs. in Drug Research.  Organized by International Business Communications, Philadelphia, PA, February 24, 1992    

Olin DA*  "The effects of taste aversion conditioning upon delayed taste discrimination learning".  The American University, Psychology Convention, Washington, D.C., 1987.

Olin DA*, & Riley AL. "Delayed discrimination in the rat:  A behavioral baseline for the assessment of short-term memory." Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, 1985.

Olin DA*  "Delayed discrimination in the rat: A behavioral baseline for the assessment of short-term memory."  The American University, Psychology Convention, Washington, D.C., 1984.

Olin DA*, & Riley AL.  "Simple delayed discrimination:  A behavioral baseline". New York Academy of Sciences, Conference on Memory Dysfunctions: An Integration of Animals and Human Research from Preclinical and Clinical Perspective, New York, 1984.

Dacanay R, Mastropaolo J, Olin DA*, & Riley AL.  "Sex differences in taste aversion learning".  Eastern Psychological Association, New York, N.Y., 1983.

*     Olin DA is maiden name for Norris DO


DISSERTATION RESEARCH REVIEWED BY DR. DEBORAH NORRIS

   Psychological and Physiological Response to Mood Induction Measured by the Biodot Skin Thermometer and State Trait Anxiety Inventory, May, 2014, Heather Karpel.

The Sierra Bender Empowerment Method® and its Effects on Leadership and Motivation in Women, April, 2014, Krista Davis.

Non-pharmacological Management of Acute Pain Symptoms in Pediatric Patients, November, 2013, Nora Stinley.

Examining the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation for Chronic Pain Management in Combat Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury.  November, 2013, Thomas Nassif.

Mindfulness Mediates Neuroticism as a Predictor of Self-control and Impulsivity: Potential Implications for Behavioral Regulation, October, 2013, Christina Rush.

Body Image, Coping, and Mindfulness, June 2012, Kelly Mackenzie

The Sierra Bender Empowerment Method® and its Effects on a Female Population, June, 2012, Eleni Rizakos.

A Correlational Analysis of Mental Health and Dietary Nutrition in College Age Students, August, 2010, Melody Pearson.

“Sex, Sports and Hormones”, 2007, Meredith Basil.

“An Examination of the Relationships among Mindfulness, Emotional Acceptance, Emotional Awareness, Self-Compassion, Forgiveness and Self-Judgment.”, December, 2006, Marika Kyrimis.

“Morphine-Induced Conditioned Taste Aversions: Assessment of Sexual Dimorphism”, October, 2002, Jovita Randall.

"The Effect of Toluene Preexposure on the Acquisition of Cocaine-Induced Conditioned Taste Aversions", August, 2001, Meredith Basil.

“Assessment of Delta Opioid Agonists BW373U86, SNC80 and SNC162 in the Conditioned Taste Aversion Design”, May, 2001 Gregory Simpson.

“C-Fos levels in Lewis and Fischer Rat Strains Following a Dose of Morphine or Cocaine Shown to Differentially Induce Conditioned Taste Aversions”, Nov, 2001, Sheri Grabus.

“The Effects of Alcohol Preexposure on Alcohol and Cocaine-Induced Taste Aversion”, 1999, Ivana Grakalic.

“Effects of Mu, Delta and Kappa Antisense on Opioid-Mediated Place Conditioning”, May, 1999, Sheri Grabus.

“The Interaction of Cocaine and Alcohol on Schedule-Controlled Responding”, Dec 7, 1998, Xiao B. Sobel.

“Assessment of the Kappa Antagonist Properties of Buprenorphine”, Dec 17, 1993, Said Pournaghash.